At Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA), your cancer care team has access to all the standard treatment options and possibly new therapies available only in clinical studies. This is one advantage of seeking treatment at SCCA.
Making Treatment Choices Together
Your team will recommend a treatment plan based mainly on the stage, size, and location of your cancer. The stage depends on whether or not your cancer has spread from its original site and how far it has spread. Your treatment also depends on your overall health and the ways different treatments can be combined.
Ask your team to explain which treatment options make the most sense for you, why, and what to expect so that you and your team can choose the best course of treatment together.
Treatment of rectal cancer often begins with several weeks of radiation therapy along with oral chemotherapy to shrink the cancer. After having some time to heal, the next step is surgery to remove the cancer. Most people have more chemotherapy after surgery to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back (recurring).
If rectal cancer has already spread (metastasized) to another area of the body, then doctors usually do not do surgery because usually it’s not possible to remove all the cancer. Instead, they use chemotherapy and targeted therapies to control the disease. Surgery may be done, if there’s a chance of removing all the cancer. Radiation therapy may be helpful for treating specific spots where cancer has spread.
There are many similarities between rectal cancer and colon cancer, but there are some differences in the ways they are usually treated. For information about colon cancer, visit the section on colon cancer treatment options.