Treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It may be given alone or with other treatments.
Treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Chemotherapy may be given by mouth, injection, infusion or on the skin, depending on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. It may be given alone or with other treatments, such as surgery, radiation therapy or biologic therapy.
Cancer that begins in the cells of the immune system. There are two basic categories of lymphomas: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
Cancer that begins in cells of the immune system. There are two basic categories of lymphomas. One is Hodgkin lymphoma, which is marked by the presence of a type of cell called the Reed-Sternberg cell. The other category is non-Hodgkin lymphomas, which includes a large, diverse group of cancers of immune system cells. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas can be further divided into cancers that have an indolent (slow-growing) course and those that have an aggressive (fast-growing) course. These subtypes behave and respond to treatment differently. Both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas can occur in children and adults, and prognosis and treatment depend on the stage and the type of cancer.
A physician who has special training in diagnosing and treating cancer. Some oncologists specialize in a particular type of cancer treatment, such as treating cancer with radiation.
A physician who has special training in diagnosing and treating cancer. Some oncologists specialize in a particular type of cancer treatment. For example, a radiation oncologist specializes in treating cancer with radiation.
The use of high-energy radiation from X-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, protons and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.
The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, protons and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may come from a machine outside the body (external-beam radiation therapy), or it may come from radioactive material placed in the body near cancer cells (internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy). Systemic radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance, such as a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody, that travels in the blood to tissues throughout the body.
A cell from which other types of cells develop. For example, blood cells develop from blood-forming stem cells.
Physicians and researchers at Fred Hutch pioneered blood and marrow transplants decades ago. Today, at SCCA and Fred Hutch, we continue to improve transplant techniques and develop new options.
A team of SCCA transplant experts will care for you. Your team will include a transplant oncologist, transplant nurse, pharmacist, dietitian, team coordinator and social worker.
Most transplant recipients with Hodgkin lymphoma have a transplant using their own stem cells (autologous transplant).
- First, your stem cells are collected, frozen and stored.
- Next, you receive strong chemotherapy to attack your cancer cells, destroy or suppress your immune system and prevent your body from forming new blood cells. You might get radiation therapy, too.
- Then, your stored stem cells are thawed and returned to your bloodstream to restart your body’s ability to make healthy blood cells again.
If your lymphoma is very aggressive and chemotherapy has not shrunk your tumors, an autologous transplant is usually not an option. In this case, patients have a transplant using cells from a donor (allogeneic transplant).
More people are eligible for allogeneic transplants than ever before, due to advances available at SCCA, such as:
- Non-myeloablative (lower-intensity) transplants, which use lower-dose chemotherapy
- Transplants using stem cells from donated umbilical cord blood or haploidentical (half-matched) donors
Learn More About Blood and Marrow Transplants