Drs. Eddie Mendez and Neil Futran, both head and neck cancer surgical oncologists, discuss the diagnosis and treatment of throat cancer. Although there has been a rise in tumors associated with Human Papillomavirus (HPV), there is also a better response rate for tumors that are in the back of the throat. Throat cancer can go undetected in early stages because there are less pain receptors in that area, so the first indicators that something is wrong include irritation that lasts more than a few weeks or difficulty swallowing. Because throat cancers affect critical functions such as speech, swallowing and appearance, treatment options are chosen to maximize these functions. Treatment options include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.