Medical Oncology

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Diseases Treated

People with cancer may receive treatment from a medical oncologist, who uses chemotherapy, targeted or biologic therapies, hormonal therapies, or other chemical agents to cure, stop, or slow the cancer; to reduce the risk that it will come back; or to relieve symptoms caused by tumors.

Medical oncologists treat the primary site of some kinds of cancer, such as breast, colon, lung, and prostate cancers, and those that have metastasized to secondary locations including to the bones, brain, and other organs.

To find out more about the use of medical oncology therapies used to treat various kinds of cancer, visit Diseases & Treatments, and choose a specific disease.