Locally advanced esophageal cancer includes some stage I and all stage II and III cancers. None of these cancers have spread to distant parts of the body, but they may have spread to different degrees through the layers of the esophagus and to other nearby structures, such as lymph nodes.
Treatment for locally advanced cancers can vary widely. Many people with locally advanced disease have surgery to remove the part of their esophagus where the cancer is. They may also have a combination of chemotherapy and radiation, called chemoradiation, before surgery to shrink the tumor or after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
Some locally advanced cancers cannot be removed with surgery. This depends on where the cancer is in the esophagus and how involved the surrounding structures are. Instead of surgery, these cancers may be treated with chemotherapy, radiation, or chemoradiation.
All of these options are available through Seattle Cancer Care Alliance. Read more about each option:
Learn about what to expect when you come for your first visit if you have locally advanced esophageal cancer.