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Neuroblastoma

Intravenous Fenretinide for Young Patients With Recurrent or Resistant Neuroblastoma (NANT 2004-03)
A Phase I Study of Intravenous (Emulsion) Fenretinide (4-HPR, NSC 374551) in Children with Recurrent or Resistant Neuroblastoma (IND #70,058)
Status Conditions Phase Study ID
Closed Neuroblastoma Phase I NANT 2004-03
NCT00646230
Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fenretinide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of intravenous fenretinide in treating young patients with recurrent or resistant neuroblastoma.


Investigator
Julie Park, MD
Location    
Seattle Cancer Care Alliance 800-804-8824  
Eligibility Criteria (must meet the following to participate in this study)

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of neuroblastoma either by histological confirmation and/or demonstration of tumor cells in the bone marrow with increased urinary catecholamines

    • Differentiating ganglioneuroblastoma allowed

      • No histological evidence only of ganglioneuroma by tumor biopsy or bone marrow biopsy
  • High-risk disease meeting at least one of the following criteria:

    • Recurrent/progressive disease at any time
    • Refractory disease (i.e., less than a partial response to front-line therapy that included ≥ 4 courses of chemotherapy)
    • Persistent disease after at least a partial response to front-line therapy (i.e., still has residual disease by MIBG, CT/MRI, or bone marrow biopsy)

      • Biopsy of at least one residual site demonstrating viable neuroblastoma required (tumor by bone marrow morphology is considered adequate documentation of disease)
  • Measurable disease meeting at least one of the following criteria:

    • Measurable tumor on MRI or CT scan, defined as at least one unidimensionally measurable lesion ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques or ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan

      • For patients with persistent disease, a biopsy* of bone marrow or bone or soft tissue site must have demonstrated viable neuroblastoma
    • MIBG scan with positive uptake at a minimum of one site

      • For patients with persistent disease, a biopsy* of a MIBG positive site must have demonstrated viable neuroblastoma
    • Bone marrow with tumor cells seen on routine morphology (not by NSE staining only) of bilateral aspirate and/or biopsy of one bone marrow sample NOTE: *If the lesion was irradiated, the biopsy must have been done at least 4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy
  • No CNS parenchymal or meningeal-based lesions

    • Skull-based tumor lesions with or without intracranial extension are allowed provided there are no neurologic signs or symptoms or hydrocephalus related to the lesion
    • Patients with a history of complete surgical resection of CNS lesions are eligible provided there is no evidence of CNS lesions by MRI or CT scan at study entry
    • Patients with a history of CNS lesions must be off corticosteroid therapy for CNS lesions for ≥ 4 weeks

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 2 months
  • ANC ≥ 500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm³ (transfusion independent)
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (transfusion independent)
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times normal for age
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times normal for age
  • ALT and AST ≤ 3 times normal for age
  • Serum triglycerides < 300 mg/dL
  • Serum calcium < 11.6 mg/dL
  • Lipase normal for age
  • PT/PTT ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal for age (without fresh frozen plasma support; vitamin K allowed)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception prior to, during, and for 2 months after completion of study treatment
  • LVEF ≥ 55% by ECHO or MUGA scan OR fractional shortening ≥ 27% by ECHO
  • No EKG abnormality
  • No dyspnea at rest or requirement for oxygen
  • No hematuria and/or proteinuria > 1+ on urinalysis
  • No known history of allergy to egg products
  • No known history of allergy to soy bean oil
  • No skin toxicity > grade 1 per CTCAE v3
  • Seizure disorder allowed if seizures are controlled on anticonvulsants and the anticonvulsant(s) is not contraindicated
  • Known genetic, metabolic, or psychiatric conditions, or other ongoing serious medical issues must be approved by the study chair prior to study registration

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • Recovered from all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy
  • More than 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (4 weeks for nitrosoureas) and/or biologic therapy without stem cell support
  • More than 7 days since prior hematopoietic growth factors
  • No prior radiotherapy to the only site of measurable disease unless there has been subsequent disease progression at that site or a biopsy of that site showed viable neuroblastoma ≥ 4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy
  • Prior CNS irradiation allowed
  • At least 2 weeks since prior small field (focal) radiotherapy
  • At least 6 weeks since prior large field radiotherapy (i.e., total-body irradiation, craniospinal radiotherapy, whole abdominal or total lung radiotherapy, or radiotherapy to > 50% of marrow space)
  • At least 56 days since prior myeloablative autologous stem cell transplantation
  • At least 4 weeks since prior myelosuppressive therapy with stem cell support
  • At least 6 weeks since prior MIBG therapy
  • Prior oral fenretinide therapy allowed
  • At least 3 weeks since prior retinoid therapies
  • No prior organ transplantation
  • No prior myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation unless stem cells were from an identical twin sibling
  • No concurrent systemic corticosteroids, including corticosteroids for emesis control

    • Concurrent inhaled corticosteroids for asthma control or steroids for metabolic deficiency states allowed
  • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy allowed provided the irradiated sites will not be used to measure response
  • No concurrent parenteral intralipids
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy or immunomodulating agents
  • No concurrent drugs suspected of causing pseudotumor cerebri, including tetracycline, nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, phenytoin, sulfonamides, lithium, or amiodarone
  • No concurrent vitamin A, C, or E supplements (except as part of routine total parenteral nutrition [TPN] supplements or as part of a single daily standard dose of oral multivitamin supplement)
  • No concurrent medications that may potentially act as modulators of intracellular ceramide levels or ceramide cytotoxicity, sphingolipid transport, or p-glycoprotein (MDR1) or MDR1 drug/lipid transporters, including cyclosporine or analogue, verapamil, tamoxifen or analogue, ketoconazole, chlorpromazine, mifepristone (RU486), indomethacin, or sulfinpyrazone
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents
  • No concurrent herbal supplements or other alternative therapy medications
  • No concurrent anti-arrhythmia or inotropic cardiac medications
Last Updated
April 09, 2012
See this trial at ClinicalTrials.gov
Access protocol and consent forms at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Disclaimer: We update this information regularly. However, what you read today may not be completely up to date.

Please remember:
  • Talk to your health care providers first before making decisions about your health care.
  • Whether you are eligible for a research study depends on many things. There are specific requirements to be in research studies. These requirements are different for each study.