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Neuroblastoma

Combination Chemotherapy and Surgery w/wo Isotretinoin in Treating Young Patients With Neuroblastoma (COG ANBL0531)
Response-and Biology-based Therapy for Intermediate Risk Neuroblastoma
Status Conditions Phase Study ID
Closed Neuroblastoma Phase III COG ANBL0531
NCT00499616
Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and doxorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Isotretinoin may help neuroblastoma cells become more like normal cells, and grow and spread more slowly. Giving combination chemotherapy with or without isotretinoin before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective in treating young patients with neuroblastoma.

PURPOSE: This phase III trial is comparing different regimens of combination chemotherapy and surgery with or without isotretinoin to see how well they work in treating young patients with neuroblastoma.


Investigator
Julie Park, MD
Location    
Seattle Cancer Care Alliance 800-804-8824  
Eligibility Criteria (must meet the following to participate in this study)

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 12 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma, or ganglioneuroma/maturing subtype

    • Newly diagnosed disease
    • Intermediate-risk disease
  • Meets 1 of the following criteria:

    • Group 1

      • International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage 2A/2B; < 50% resected or biopsy only; ≤ 12 years of age; MYCN-not amplified (NA); any histology and ploidy; normal 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 3; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; favorable histology (FH); hyperdyploid (DI) > 1; normal 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 3; 365 days to 12 years of age; MYCN-NA; FH; normal 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 4S; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; FH; DI >1; normal 1p and 11q; clinically symptomatic
    • Group 2

      • INSS stage 2A/2B; < 50% resected or biopsy only; ≤ 12 years of age; MYCN-NA; any histology and ploidy; 1p loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either)
      • INSS stage 3; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; FH; DI > 1; 1p LOH and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either)
      • INSS stage 3; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; DI = 1 and/or unfavorable histology (UH); normal 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 3; 365 days to 12 years of age; MYCN-NA; FH; 1p LOH and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either)
      • INSS stage 4; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; FH; DI > 1; normal 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 4S; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; either UH and any ploidy or FH and DI = 1; normal 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 4S; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; FH; DI > 1; 1p LOH and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either); clinically symptomatic
    • Group 3

      • INSS stage 3; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; DI = 1 and/or UH; 1p LOH and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either)
      • INSS stage 3; age 365 to < 547 days; MYCN-NA; UH; any ploidy; any 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 4, age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; DI = 1 and/or UH; any 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 4; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; FH; DI > 1; 1p LOH and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either)
      • INSS stage 4; age 365 to < 547 days; MYCN-NA; FH; DI > 1; any 1p and 11q
      • INSS stage 4S; age < 365 days; MYCN-NA; UH and any ploidy or FH and DI = 1; 1p LOH and/or unb11q LOH (or data missing for either)
      • INSS stage 4S; age < 365 days; unknown or incomplete biologic features
  • Must already be enrolled on protocol COG-ANBL00B1

    • Simultaneous enrollment on COG-ANBL00B1 and this study allowed for clinical situations in which emergent treatment may be indicated including, but not limited to, the following criteria:

      • Epidural or intraspinal tumors with existing or impending neurologic impairment
      • Periorbital or calvarial-based lesions with existing or impending cranial nerve impairment
      • Anatomic or mechanical compromise of critical organ function by tumor (e.g., abdominal compartment syndrome, urinary obstruction)
      • Asymptomatic but, in the opinion of the treating physician, it is in the patient's best interest to begin chemotherapy immediately due to impending risk of neurologic impairment or organ dysfunction
  • If patient receives study chemotherapy prior to undergoing diagnostic biopsy, the biopsy must be performed within 96 hours of beginning study therapy

    • The only exception to this requirement is for patients with stage 4S disease who are considered too ill to undergo a diagnostic procedure

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No other prior chemotherapy

    • Dexamethasone is not considered prior chemotherapy and may be administered prior to initiating study chemotherapy

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No other prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy

    • Prior dexamethasone allowed at the discretion of the investigator
  • No participation in another COG study with tumor therapeutic intent
Last Updated
July 07, 2011
See this trial at ClinicalTrials.gov
Access protocol and consent forms at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Disclaimer: We update this information regularly. However, what you read today may not be completely up to date.

Please remember:
  • Talk to your health care providers first before making decisions about your health care.
  • Whether you are eligible for a research study depends on many things. There are specific requirements to be in research studies. These requirements are different for each study.