List All Neuroblastoma Trials


Fenretinide LXS for Recurrent, Refractory, or Persistent Neuroblastoma (NANT 2004-04)
Phase I Study of Fenretinide (4-HPR, NSC 374551) Lym-X-Sorb (LXS) Oral Powder in Patients with Recurrent or Resistant Neuroblastoma (IND # 68254)
Status Conditions Phase Study ID
Closed Neuroblastoma Phase I NANT 2004-04

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fenretinide LXS, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of fenretinide LXS in treating patients with recurrent, refractory, or persistent neuroblastoma.

Julie Park, MD
Seattle Cancer Care Alliance 800-804-8824  
Eligibility Criteria (must meet the following to participate in this study)


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of neuroblastoma either by histology and/or demonstration of tumor cells in the bone marrow with increased urinary catecholamines
  • High-risk disease, as evidenced by ≥ 1 of the following:

    • Recurrent/progressive disease at any time
    • Refractory disease (i.e., less than a partial response to frontline therapy)

      • No biopsy required
    • Persistent disease after at least a partial response to frontline therapy (i.e., patient has had at least a partial response to frontline therapy but still has residual disease by MIBG scan, CT scan/MRI, or bone marrow)

      • Biopsy of at least one residual site demonstrating viable neuroblastoma required
  • Patients must have ≥ 1 of the following sites of disease:

    • Measurable tumor, defined as ≥ 2 cm in at least 1 dimension by MRI, CT scan, or x-ray OR ≥ 1 cm in at least 1 dimension by spiral CT scan

      • For persistent disease, a biopsy of bone and/or soft tissue site seen on CT/MRI must have been done to demonstrate viable neuroblastoma

        • If lesion was irradiated, biopsy must be done ≥ 2 weeks after radiation completed
    • MIBG scan with positive uptake at ≥ 1 site

      • For persistent disease, a biopsy of an MIBG-positive site must have been done to demonstrate viable neuroblastoma

        • If lesion was irradiated, biopsy must be done at least 2 weeks after radiation completed
    • Tumor cells on routine morphology (not by neuron-specific enolase staining only) of bilateral bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy on one bone marrow sample
  • Patients enrolled in group I may have had a prior relapse or progression, even if they have no measurable or evaluable tumor sites at time of study entry, including any of the following:

    • No tumor sites on all evaluations
    • Non-measurable tumor on MRI /CT scan and/or measurable tumor on CT/MRI that was previously irradiated
    • MIBG-avid site that was previously irradiated
  • No CNS parenchymal or meningeal-based lesions

    • Skull-based tumor lesions with or without intracranial soft tissue extension allowed provided there are no neurological signs or symptoms or hydrocephalus related to the lesion


  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 2 months
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
  • ANC ≥ 500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent [ i.e., ≥ 1 week since last platelet transfusion])
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times normal for age as follows:

    • No greater than 0.8 mg/dL (for patients 5 years of age and under)
    • No greater than 1.0 mg/dL (for patients 6-10 years of age)
    • No greater than 1.2 mg/dL (for patients 11-15 years of age)
    • No greater than 1.5 mg/dL (for patients over 15 years of age)
  • Ejection fraction ≥ 55% by echocardiogram or MUGA OR fractional shortening ≥ 27% by echocardiogram
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times normal
  • ALT and AST ≤ 3 times normal (for ALT, upper limit of normal is 45 U/L)
  • Triglycerides < 300 mg/dL (fasting or random plasma test)
  • Calcium < 11.6 mg/dL
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use 2 methods of effective contraception during and for 2 months after completion of study treatment
  • Normal lung function (i.e., no dyspnea at rest or oxygen requirement)
  • Seizure disorder allowed provided seizures are controlled on anticonvulsants that are not contraindicated
  • No EKG abnormality severe enough to justify cardiac medications
  • No skin toxicity > grade 1
  • No hematuria and/or proteinuria > +1 on urinalysis
  • No known allergy to soy products
  • No known severe allergy or sensitivity to wheat gluten
  • No known history of intolerance to ketoconazole (group II)


  • Fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy
  • Prior CNS irradiation allowed
  • Prior complete surgical resection of CNS lesions allowed provided there is no evidence of CNS lesions by MRI or CT scan at study entry
  • At least 4 weeks since prior corticosteroid therapy for CNS lesions
  • More than 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy and/or biologics (4 weeks for nitrosoureas)
  • More than 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy to the site of biopsied lesion or the only site of measurable disease
  • At least 6 weeks since prior large-field radiotherapy (e.g., total body irradiation, craniospinal therapy, or radiotherapy to the whole abdomen, total lung, or more than 50% marrow space)
  • At least 3 months since prior autologous stem cell transplantation
  • At least 6 weeks since prior therapeutic MIBG
  • More than 7 days since prior hematopoietic growth factors
  • No prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • No prior organ transplantation
  • No prior IV fenretinide (4-HPR) emulsion (other retinoids allowed)

    • Prior therapy with 3% 4-HPR Lym-X-Sorb™ (LXS) oral powder allowed provided patient is still on drug and it is not available for continued use
    • Prior NCI 4-HPR corn oil capsule allowed provided patient did not go off drug for toxicity
  • No concurrent antiarrhythmia medications
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents, including chemotherapy
  • No concurrent immunomodulatory agents, including systemic corticosteroids
  • No concurrent supplemental vitamin A, E, or ascorbic acid (vitamin C) except as contained in routine total parenteral nutrition vitamin supplements or in a single daily standard-dose oral multivitamin supplement
  • No concurrent drugs suspected of causing pseudotumor cerebri, including tetracycline, nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, phenytoin, sulfonamides, lithium, amiodarone, or vitamin A (except as routine multivitamin supplement)
  • No concurrent herbal supplements or other alternative therapy medications
  • No concurrent medications that may potentially act as modulators of intracellular ceramide levels or ceramide cytotoxicity, sphingolipid transport, or p-glycoprotein (MDR1) or MRP1 drug/lipid transporters, including cyclosporine or analogue, verapamil, tamoxifen or analogue, ketoconazole (except if enrolled in group II), chlorpromazine, mifepristone, indomethacin, or sulfinpyrazone
  • No concurrent medications that decrease gastric acid output (e.g., ranitidine) or increase gastric pH (e.g., Tums) (group II)
  • No concurrent corticosteroids for emesis control

    • Systemic corticosteroids for asthma control allowed if minimized
    • Inhaled corticosteroids for asthma control and steroids for routine metabolic deficiency states allowed
  • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy allowed only to sites not used to measure response


Last Updated
August 02, 2015
See this trial at
Access protocol and consent forms at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
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Please remember:
  • Talk to your health care providers first before making decisions about your health care.
  • Whether you are eligible for a research study depends on many things. There are specific requirements to be in research studies. These requirements are different for each study.