|Closed||Myelodysplastic and Myeloproliferative Syndromes (MDS and MPD)||Phase III||
Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Azacitidine plus Best Supportive care versus Placebo and Best Supportive care in subjects with red blood cell (RBC) transfusion-dependent anemia and thrombocytopenia due to International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) lower risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
- 18 years or older
- Have a documented diagnosis of MDS
- Anemia that requires red blood cell transfusions
- Thrombocytopenia (sustained for at least 21 days) within 14 days prior to randomization
- Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
- Must agree to follow pregnancy precautions as required by protocol.
- Must be willing to consent to two or more bone marrow aspirate procedures to be completed during study.
- Secondary or hypoplastic MDS or other subtype with eligibility for treatment with immunotherapy
- Prior treatment with azacitidine, decitabine, other hypomethylating agents and lenalidomide
- Prior allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplant
- Eligible for allogenic or autologous stem cell transplant
- History of inflammatory bowel disease (eg, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), celiac disease (ie, sprue), prior gastrectomy or upper bowel removal, or any other gastrointestinal disorder or defect
- Thrombocytopenia secondary to other possible causes, including medication(s), congenital disorder(s), immune disorder(s), or microvascular disorder(s)
- Use of cytotoxic, chemotherapeutic, targeted or investigational agents/therapies, thrombopoiesis-stimulating agents (TSAs), erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and other red blood cell hematopoietic growth factors, and within 28 days prior to randomization
- Ongoing adverse events from previous treatment, regardless of the time period
- Concurrent use of iron-chelating agents, (except for subjects on a stable dose for at least 8 weeks (56 days) prior to randomization), corticosteroid (except for subjects on a stable or decreasing dose for ≥ 1 week prior to randomization for medical conditions other than MDS)
- Prior history of cancer, other than MDS, unless the subject has been free of the disease for ≥ 3 years. (Basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, carcinoma in situ of the breast, and incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer) (T1a or T1b using the tumor, nodes, metastasis [TNM] clinical staging system is allowed)
- Significant active cardiac disease within the previous 6 months
- Uncontrolled systemic fungal, bacterial, or viral infection
- Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Hepatitis C (HCV) infection, or evidence of active Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection
- Known clinically significant anemia due to iron, vitamin B12, or folate deficiencies, or autoimmune or hereditary hemolytic anemia, or gastrointestinal bleeding
- Abnormal coagulation parameters
- Abnormal liver function test results
- Abnormal kidney function test results
- Known or suspected hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol
- Any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness
See this trial at ClinicalTrials.gov
Access protocol and consent forms at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
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