|Recruiting||Liver Cancer||Phase III||
This is a study of ADI-PEG 20 (pegylated arginine deiminase), an arginine degrading enzyme versus placebo in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have failed prior systemic treatment (chemotherapy). Hepatocellular carcinomas have been found to require arginine, an amino acid. Thus the hypothesis is that by restricting arginine with ADI-PEG 20, the hepatocellular carcinoma cells will starve and die.
- Prior diagnosis of HCC confirmed histologically.
- Prior treatment with at least 1 systemic agent, with documented progressive disease after systemic agent(s), or adverse event(s)associated with prior systemic agent(s) that resulted in discontinuance of that agent(s).
- Cirrhotic status of Child-Pugh grade B7.
- Expected survival of at least 3 months.
- Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function.
- Candidate for potential curative therapies (i.e., resection or transplantation) or loco-regional approaches (i.e., ablation, embolization).
- Significant cardiac disease.
- Serious infection requiring treatment with systemically administered antibiotics.
- Pregnancy or lactation.
- Expected non-compliance.
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, or psychiatric illness or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
- Subjects who have had any anticancer treatment within 2 weeks prior to entering the study.
- Subjects who have not fully recovered from toxicities associated with previous HCC loco-regional or systemic therapies.
- Subjects with history of another primary cancer, with the exception of: a) curatively resected non-melanoma skin cancer; b) curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ; or c) other primary solid tumor with no known active disease present in the opinion of the investigator will not affect patient outcome in the setting of current HCC diagnosis.
- Allergy to pegylated products.
- Bleeding esophageal or gastric varices within the prior three months, except if banded or treated.
- Subjects known to be HIV positive.
- Uncontrolled ascites (defined as not easily controlled with diuretic treatment).
- Having received any blood transfusion, blood component preparation, erythropoietin, albumin preparation, or granulocyte colony stimulating factors (G-CSF) within 7 days prior to screening laboratories or after screening laboratories have been obtained until first dose of study drug or placebo.
- Use of traditional medicines approved by local authorities, including but not limited to Chinese herbs within 14 days of first dose of study drug or placebo.
- ECOG performance status > 2.
- Prior allograft,including liver transplant.
See this trial at ClinicalTrials.gov
Access protocol and consent forms at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
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